THE forum and online store dedicated to Halocaridina rubra aka the Hawaiian Opae ula shrimp! 

Having issues with your tank or inhabitants? Need to know what equipment to use or have other questions? Post here!
 #185  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 17:42

'K' is short for Kelvin, for fish keepers the Kelvin scale is a thermodynamic temperature scale used when referring to the colour of fluorescent lighting. A candle flame is about 1800°, daylight is about 6500° and a cloudless day could be 10,000° plus. fluorescent lighting wise 10,000°K bulbs are a crisp white and 20,000°K are more blue in colour.

Kelvin refers to the Kelvin Scale that is used to measure the colour temperature of light. Common colour temperatures (measured in Kelvin - °K) are 6,000°K, 6,700°K, 10,000°K and 20,000°K.
 #186  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 17:43

After fertilization this is one of the first stages of life for fish and invertebrates. The larvae looks different from the adult form of the organism.

LFS is an abbreviation for Local Fish Shop/Store.

LED is abbreviation for Light Emitting Diode, LED aquarium lighting is very popular as the lights run cooler then standard lights, use less energy and can provide many different lighting configurations.

LPH is abbreviation for Liters Per Hour and usually refers to the flow rate of aquarium filters or power heads.

Live Rock
Live rock is rubble that has broken off the coral reef structure and is inhabited by many forms of life that can be beneficial in the saltwater aquarium only.

Live Sand :
'Live sand' is sand that is used in marine/full saltwater aquariums only , it is populated with beneficial bacteria, invertebrates and other microscopic life forms that aid in the breakdown and conversion of elements within the aquarium.

LR is abbreviation for Live Rock.

LS is abbreviation for Live Sand.

Lumens is the total output of a light source.

LUX is a measurement of the intensity of the light. Sunlight on a clear day is approximately 32,000 lux. 1 lux = 1 lumens/meter2.
 #187  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 17:43

Mechanical Filter
A mechanical Filter is an aquarium filter that performs the function of removing the larger, suspended particles from the tank water. If the mechanical filter is not maintained regularly they can become a source for nitrate build-up.

mg/L is abbreviation for millegrams per litre and a unit of measurement that is approximately equivalent to PPM.

Molt / Molting
The term molt and molting is used to describe the process of the shrimp shedding its old shell because it has outgrown the old one or it has shrunk and no longer fits correctly. They grow a brand new exoskeleton to replace the old one, It's a natural event which can happen every few months in an Opae ulas life.

MTS is abbreviation for 'Multiple Tank Syndrome'. This syndrome usually afflicts aquarists which soon want "just one more tank" in order to keep more and more shrimp.

MTS could also be in reference to Malaysian Trumpet Snail. You've just got to use context to tell which one a member is referring to.
 #188  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 18:17

See ammonia.

Nitrate (NO3)
Nitrate (NO3) occurs toward the end of the aquarium nitrogen cycle and can harm shrimp and snails in high enough concentrations. In tanks without any form of denitrification, water changes are needed to remove nitrates.

Nitrite (NO2)
Nitrite (NO2) is the middle step in the aquarium nitrogen cycle where Ammonia is converted to Nitrites and Nitrites get converted into Nitrates. Nitrites are not as harmful to fish as ammonia, but can still be deadly if the shrimp and snails are exposed for prolonged periods.

Nitrogen Cycle
The Nitrogen Cycle is a natural system which converts Ammonia to Nitrite and then Nitrites to Nitrates by beneficial bacteria that form inside the aquarium and in the filtration system.

See Nitrite.

See Nitrate.

Nocturnal refers to an animal or fish that rests during the day and becomes more active at night or in darkness. The opposite of diurnal.

NSW is abbreviation for Natural Salt Water.

New Tank Syndrome - More of an old school term used to negatively describe an aquarium which has not completed the nitrogen cycle and cannot support life yet.
 #189  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 18:24

Just like humans shrimp need oxygen for respiration which they take out of the water. Oxygen is dissolved in the aquarium water at the water surface. If oxygen levels drop too low, shrimp may suffer and even die. To increase the oxygen level in your aquarium, use a an Air stone attached to an air pump which will cause water surface agitation, thereby increasing the dissolved oxygen levels. Also know that cooler water can carry more oxygen than warmer water and avoid overcrowded/over stocked tank conditions.
 #190  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 18:34

This is a water measurement on a logarithmic scale that will tell you if your water is considered acidic, neutral or alkaline. A pH of 7 is considered "neutral", under 7 is considered "acidic" and over 7 is considered "alkaline".

Phosphate (PO4)
Phosphate (PO4) consists of Phosphorous and Oxygen, is a primary ingredient for algae. Aquarists should try to limit phosphates in the aquarium water to prevent noxious algae blooms.

Parts Per Million, is a unit of measurement used in many test kits and is equivalent to mg/L.

PWC is abbreviation for Partial Water Change.

Poly Vinyl Chloride, is a hard plastic type material used in plumbing aquariums and for routing water throughout multiple systems.
 #191  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 18:41

Quarantine Tank :
is a bare bones aquarium that is set up for housing new fish, invertebrates or plants for several weeks so we can monitor them for pests, parasites or disease. Using a quarantine tank is highly recommended and can save countless headaches and money, quarantine tanks allow you to monitor new arrivals for disease and other health issues.

QT is abbreviation for Quarantine Tank.
 #192  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 18:55

There are several different types of refractometers, but for our purposes it is a device or piece of aquarium equipment used to measure the salinity of water. You place a drop or two of aquarium water on a prism and then while pointed at a light source, you view through the eye piece on the other end of the refractometer (opposite the prism) a reading of the salinity level. As the light passes through the water and prism it is bent or refracted. These refractometers are considered more accurate than the less expensive hydrometer because they can be recalibrated easily prior to use.

Respiration is the process fish use to extract oxygen from the water in order to live.

Reverse Osmosis
Reverse Osmosis is a water filtration process where water is pushed through a semi-permeable membrane. This membrane only allows certain types of atoms to pass through the membrane and stops the "bad" atoms from passing through. Reverse osmosis water can sometimes be 90% more pure than regular tap water. Sometimes an RO unit is used in conjunction with a Deionization filter.

RO is abbreviation for Reverse Osmosis. See: Reverse Osmosis and De ionization for more information.

Rock Scaping
This is the process of decorating or arranging the rocks in your aquarium.
 #193  by odin
 24 Apr 2016 19:15

Salinity is a measurement of the total amount of dissolved salts in saltwater.

SG is abbreviation for Specific Gravity.

Specific Gravity
Specific Gravity is a weight ratio of one litre of some substance compared to one litre of water and is temperature dependant. Specific gravity can be measured with a hydrometer. Brackish water Opae ula aquariums need to be in the 1.008 - 1.015 range.

Spirulina used as food, it is a type of blue-green algae that is good for feeding to shrimp and snails.

Sponge Filter
A sponge filter is an internal aquarium filter that is very popular with shrimp breeders for their easy maintenance and durability. It basically performs mechanical filtration and biological filtration. These filters consist of a sponge material that is attached to a air pump that pulls aquarium water through the sponge. Larger particles are trapped in the sponge and beneficial bacteria can grow on and within the sponge. To clean a sponge filter all you have to do is ring it out in discarded tank water and it should be ready to go again.

Substrate is the bottom of the aquarium and usually consists of gravel or sand.

SW is abbreviation for Salt Water.